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By William Swainson

William Swainson F. R. S., was once known mostly as a zoologist, an ornithologist and a talented and prolific illustrator. He additionally had an enormous enthusiasm for looking and choosing new species. during this 1834 quantity even if, Swainson addressed the character of, foundations for and winning pursuit of zoology. It argues firmly for the main significance of taxonomy. Swainson used to be an ardent suggest of MacLeay's now totally superseded 'quinary' approach of category - even then a fairly minority view. This sought affinities, styles and analogies between organisms, as a way to figure God's order. greater than an insignificant interest, such paintings used to be of pivotal problem to enterprising naturalists of the 1820s and 1830s - together with the younger Charles Darwin. It additionally reached Robert Chambers, whose 1844 Vestiges of the normal background of construction was once an enormous landmark within the improvement of the idea of evolution.

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1 vol. 4to. ) Letter to Dr. Linnaeus on the Animal Nature of Zoophytes, called Corallina. London, 1768. 4to. f Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various Parts of the Globe. By Ellis and Solander. London, 1786. 1 vol. 4to D 4 40 STUDY OF NATURAL HISTORY. and an acute botanist, and his name must ever rank among the most endearing of those which add lustre to our science. ) It is impossible, in the rapid survey we are now taking, to dwell upon all the names, much less to enumerate all the works, which now propagated the system of Linnaeus, and gained fresh converts to the study of nature.

Lipsiae, 1768—1772. 1 vol. 8vo. ) Delicite Flora et Fauna? insubricre. Tieini, 1786—1788. 1 vol. folio. f J. C. Schoeffer. ) Elementa Entomologica. Regensburg, 1766. 1 vol. 4to. In Latin and German. ) Icones Insectorum circa ltatisbonam indigcnorum. Regens. 1769. 3 vols. 4to. RISE AND PROGRESS OF ZOOLOGY. 49 containing many new genera, not to be found in Linnaeus ; yet the characters are short and unsatisfactory ; and, strange to say, he nowhere uses specific names. Schseffer was a clergyman of Ratisbon, and lived to the age of seventy-two; but, although industrious, his abilities were very moderate.

177. f And yet, with these confessions, the unfortunate vanity of Linnaeus prevented him from publicly confessing his own error regarding corals, and admitting to the full the splendid discovery of Ellis. " Linn. Corr. I. RISE AND PROGRESS OP ZOOLOGY. 39 we will, the best test of the merits of a writer, is the value which posterity attaches to his works; and, if we measure the researches of Ellis by this rule, we shall find, that, unlike systems claiming far higher pretensions, the two volumes of our illustrious countryman are now of as high an authority as they were on their first publication.

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